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Biosphere, Fauna and Flora in Cuba Naturaleza
Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity

River Toa, the strongest and biggest river in Cuba

River ToaRio Toa

The Toa River is the strongest and biggest river in the island of Cuba with 72 tributary and although it is not been born in Baracoa, its section of more remarkable voyage crosses for this area, and its longitude is of 131 kilometer. It is located in the county of Guantánamo in the oriental end of the island. This area has one of few places of forests with the rain presence in the north hemisphere.

The watershed of the Toa river occupies around 70% of the Reservation of the Biosphere that takes the name of Knives of the Toa "Cuchilla del Toa", this constitutes one of the more important regions in Cuba and the Caribbean, that comes given by the values of its biological diversity, the variety of its landscapes, the peculiarity of its ecosystems and the high presence of endemic species in flora and fauna, constituting the refuge and species center oldest of Cuba.

This watershed is one of the most remarkable accidents in the Orthographic Group of Sagua-Baracoa, considered from last century as "incognito earth". Visitors of all the corners of the world are admitted fascinated by the natural beauties that it stores and the state of conservation of that jewel of the world geography.

The watershed of the river of Toa has an extension of Km2 1 061, half of the height of 488 msnm, half of they incline 260 meters and a high density of the superficial drainage (0.85 km / Km2). It presents a landslide of half of 2 630 millimeters / year, the highest for a region in Cuba. Their main superficial current is the river Toa that possesses a longitude of 131 km and it presents an annual slip for very not very high to the 57 m3 / seg. It is approximately the less inhabited region of Cuba, almost deserted, with an inhabitant for square kilometer.

Their great flora reservation and endemic fauna is the most voluminous in the country that is conjugated with the existence of a rich autochthonous culture. A thousand species of flowers and 145 types of ferns exist. This fauna has birds in extinction danger like it is the case of the real carpenter and the sparrow hawk caguarero, the Tocororo, national bird of Cuba, it can also be for these places. The well-known "Almiquí" scientifically recognized as the "Solenodon Cubanus".

In coordination with the UNESCO: the Revolutionary Government from Cuba has declared the following areas of the watershed of the Toa and its closes areas: Cupeyal North Reserve, The Melva Reserve, and the Reserve of the Biosphere of the Knives of the Toa "Cuchillas del Toa" as World Biosphere Reserve.

Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity

© 2023 Nigel Hunt