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Biosphere, Fauna and Flora in Cuba Naturaleza
Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity

Cuban Tree Frog (Osteopilus septentrionalis) the largest species of tree frog in North America

Cuban Tree Frog (Osteopilus septentrionalis)Rana Platanera (Osteopilus septentrionalis)
Scientific name: Osteopilus septentrionalis
Common name (english): Cuban Tree Frog
Common name (spanish): Rana Platanera

The Cuban Tree Frog (Osteopilus septentrionalis) is the largest species of tree frog in North America, native to Cuba and neighboring Caribbean islands.

It has become increasingly numerous in central to southern Florida, where it was accidentally introduced and is considered an invasive species.

Cuban Tree Frogs prefer places that are moist and shady -- in trees, shrubs or around houses behind shutters and lights. They are commonly found near ornamental fish ponds and well-lit patios.

The Cuban tree frog ranges in 1.5 to 5.5 inches in length and is anywhere from a gray, light brown, to pale green in color. They also have the ability to switch between these color variations depending on their environment but they usually retain a mottled pattern (slightly spotted) with some banding on their legs. Some also have yellow coloring tucked around their leg areas. Males are smaller than females, and have darker throats and nuptial pads in the breeding seasons.

It is variable in color, ranging from gray to green to brown, and individuals are capable of changing color. Cuban treefrogs also have very warty skin, a mottled color pattern, and very enlarged toe discs. The front toes are not webbed and the rear toes are only slightly webbed.

Cuban tree frogs are tolerant of a wide range of temperatures which is one reason why they make good captives. The ideal temperature during the day will range from 78°F to 88°F (26°C to 31°C). The night time temperature can drop to 65°F (18°C) without harm.

The Cuban tree frog is infamous for its huge appetite. Their diet includes almost anything they can overpower, which fits into their mouth, including: insects, other frogs (even frogs of their own species), snakes, lizards, and young birds.

Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity

© 2023 Nigel Hunt