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Biosphere, Fauna and Flora in Cuba Naturaleza
Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity

Birds in the Cuban Nature

The birds in Cuba add 369 wild species and of free life, that belong to 208 genres, to 63 families and to 21 orders. There register 217 terrestrial species, 69 tied ones to fresh water and 83 marinas.

The first Cuban birds, possible ancestors of the current ones, came to territories that today form Cuba with posteriority to 42 - 40 million years behind. The current fauna of birds of Cuba has his origin principally in North America. Also it has origin in Central America, especially of the typical species of the tropics. The influence of birds of South America is very much minor.

Among endemic bird species in Cuba stands out the Bee Hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae) for being the smallest bird of the world with only 6,4 cm long. For the beauty, also there stands out the Cuban Trogon (Priotelus temnurus) that is the national bird of Cuba, the Cuban Tody (Todus multicolor), the Cuban Green Woodpecker (Xiphidiopicus percussus), the Cuban Parakeet (Aratinga euops), the Grey-headed Quail-dove (Geotrygon caniceps) and the Blue-headed Quail-dove (Starnoenas cyanocephala).

Species endemic to Cuban of more recent discovery include: the Zapata Wren (Ferminia cerverai), the Cuban Sparrow or Zapata Sparrow (Torreornis inexpectata) and the Zapata Rail (Cyanolimnas cerverai), brought in 1926-1927 for the Spanish naturalist (Fermín Zanón Cervera) in Sierra Maestra.



Cuban Trogon (Priotelus temnurus)

Cuban Trogon

The Cuban Trogon is endemic to Cuba, for the beauty of the plumage and because it includes the colors of the Cuban flag, the tocororo was declared the national bird of Cuba. It is widely distributed and common... more info.





Bee Hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae)

Bee Hummingbird

The Bee Hummingbird is the smallest bird in the world. Males of the bee hummingbird living on Cuba and on Isla de la Juventud, weigh 1,6g, and their length is 5,7cm, Half of length make a tail and a beak.... more info.





Cuban Tody (Todus multicolor)

Cuban Tody

The Cuban Tody is endemic to Cuba and is thought to be the oldest surviving member of the Tody family which is confined to the Greater Antilles and comprises 5 species... more info.




Cuban Screech Owl

Cuban Screech Owl

The Cuban Screech Owl, endemic to Cuba, is also known as Cuban Bare-Legged Owl due to the absence of feathers on its legs... more info.






Black-Cowled Oriole in Cuba

Black-Cowled Oriole

The Black-Cowled Oriole is a small bird (20cm) living in the subtropical and tropical forest, moist lowland forests, mangrove ... more info.





Cuban Pygmy Owl

Cuban Pygmy Owl

The Cuban Pygmy Owl, endemic to Cuba, is the commonest owl of the island. It is not only nocturnal as most of the owls but also diurnal. Its habitat...more info.






Roseate Spoonbill (Ajaia ajaja)

Roseate Spoonbill

The Roseate Spoonbill is a large bird, common in southeast of USA, carribean, chile and ... more info.







The Osprey, or fish eagle, is a worldwide known diurnal bird of prey. In Cuba, it is a permanent and transient resident...more info.






White Ibis (Eudocimus albus)

White Ibis

The White Ibis is a common permanent resident in Cuba. It generally lives in coastal marshes, mangrove and... more info.





Gray Kingbird

Gray Kingbird

The Grey Kingbird is part of the large family of the tyrant flycatcher. They are known to defend fiercely...more info.






Yellow-Headed Warbler Description

Yellow-Headed Warbler

The Yellow-Headed Warbler, endemic to Cuba, can be found only on the Western third of the Island and also on Isla de la ... more info.





Reddish Egret

Reddish Egret

The Reddish Egret is a medium sized heron (65-75cm) quite common in the Gulf cost ...more info.






CUban Pewee Description

Cuban Pewee

The Cuban Pewee is a common resident all over the island of Cuba and Bahamas. It is generally found in... more info.





Cuba Naturaleza Biodiversity

© 2023 Nigel Hunt